We are hiring!

Strain identifier

BacDive ID: 17584

Type strain: Yes

Species: Xanthomonas campestris

Strain Designation: P 25

Strain history: LMG 568 <-- NCPPB 528 <-- E. Billing; P25.

NCBI tax ID(s): 339 (species)

For citation purpose refer to the digital object identifier (doi) of the current version.
version 7.1 (current version):
version 7:
version 6:
version 5:
version 4.1:
version 4:
version 3:
version 2.1:
version 2:
version 1:
version 7.1 (current version)


@ref: 1411

BacDive-ID: 17584

DSM-Number: 3586

keywords: genome sequence, 16S sequence, Bacteria, aerobe, mesophilic, plant pathogen

description: Xanthomonas campestris P 25 is an aerobe, mesophilic plant pathogen that was isolated from Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera.

NCBI tax id

  • NCBI tax id: 339
  • Matching level: species

strain history

doi: 10.13145/bacdive17584.20221219.7.1

Name and taxonomic classification


  • @ref: 20215
  • description: domain/bacteria
  • keyword: phylum/pseudomonadota
  • domain: Bacteria
  • phylum: Pseudomonadota
  • class: Gammaproteobacteria
  • order: Lysobacterales
  • family: Lysobacteraceae
  • genus: Xanthomonas
  • species: Xanthomonas campestris
  • full scientific name: Xanthomonas campestris (Pammel 1895) Dowson 1939 (Approved Lists 1980)
  • synonyms

    • @ref: 20215
    • synonym: Bacillus campestris

@ref: 1411

domain: Bacteria

phylum: Proteobacteria

class: Gammaproteobacteria

order: Xanthomonadales

family: Lysobacteraceae

genus: Xanthomonas

species: Xanthomonas campestris

full scientific name: Xanthomonas campestris (Pammel 1895) Dowson 1939 emend. Vauterin et al. 1995

strain designation: P 25

type strain: yes


cell morphology

@refmotilityconfidencegram stain

Culture and growth conditions

culture medium

1411NUTRIENT AGAR (DSMZ Medium 1)yeshttps://mediadive.dsmz.de/medium/1Name: NUTRIENT AGAR (DSMZ Medium 1) Composition: Agar 15.0 g/l Peptone 5.0 g/l Meat extract 3.0 g/l Distilled water
1411R2A MEDIUM (DSMZ Medium 830)yeshttps://mediadive.dsmz.de/medium/830Name: R2A MEDIUM (DSMZ Medium 830) Composition: Agar 15.0 g/l Casamino acids 0.5 g/l Starch 0.5 g/l Glucose 0.5 g/l Proteose peptone 0.5 g/l Yeast extract 0.5 g/l K2HPO4 0.3 g/l Na-pyruvate 0.3 g/l MgSO4 x 7 H2O 0.05 g/l Distilled water
38386MEDIUM 3 - Columbia agaryesColumbia agar (39.000 g);distilled water (1000.000 ml)

culture temp


Physiology and metabolism

oxygen tolerance

  • @ref: 57820
  • oxygen tolerance: aerobe

spore formation

  • @ref: 69480
  • spore formation: no
  • confidence: 97.779


  • @ref: 69480
  • halophily level: non-halophilic
  • confidence: 98.186

metabolite utilization

@refChebi-IDmetaboliteutilization activitykind of utilization tested
2295822599arabinose-builds acid from
2295817057cellobiose+builds acid from
2295817234glucose+builds acid from
2295815978glycerol 3-phosphate+respiration
2295829864mannitol+builds acid from
2295830911sorbitol-builds acid from
2295827248urocanic acid+respiration
6836927897tryptophan-energy source

metabolite production

  • @ref: 68369
  • Chebi-ID: 35581
  • metabolite: indole
  • production: no

metabolite tests

  • @ref: 68369
  • Chebi-ID: 35581
  • metabolite: indole
  • indole test: -


68382acid phosphatase+
68382cystine arylamidase-
68382valine arylamidase+
68382leucine arylamidase+
68382lipase (C 14)-
68382esterase lipase (C 8)+
68382esterase (C 4)-
68382alkaline phosphatase+
68369cytochrome oxidase-
68369arginine dihydrolase-

fatty acid profile

  • fatty acids

    @reffatty acidpercentageECL
    57820C11:0 3OH0.312.441
    57820C11:0 ANTEISO0.210.693
    57820C11:0 iso4.210.605
    57820C11:0 ISO 3OH2.112.09
    57820C12:0 3OH1.313.455
    57820C13:0 2OH0.314.191
    57820C13:0 ISO 3OH3.314.11
    57820C14:0 ISO0.413.618
    57820C15:0 ANTEISO14.714.711
    57820C15:0 ISO3114.621
    57820C15:1 ISO F0.914.414
    57820C15:1 ω6c0.714.856
    57820C16:0 iso1.615.626
    57820C16:1 ω7c9.515.819
    57820C16:1 ω9c1.215.774
    57820C17:0 anteiso0.816.722
    57820C17:0 iso6.516.629
    57820C17:0 iso 3OH0.318.161
    57820C17:1 ISO I/C16:0 DMA0.416.481
    57820C17:1 ω6c0.416.862
    57820C17:1 ω8c1.516.792
    57820C17:1 ω9c ISO10.916.416
    57820C18:1 ω9c0.617.769
    57820C18:2 ω6,9c/C18:0 ANTE0.817.724
    57820unknown 11.798111.798
  • type of FA analysis: whole cell analysis
  • method/protocol: CCUG

API zym

@refControlAlkaline phosphataseEsteraseEsterase LipaseLipaseLeucine arylamidaseValine arylamidaseCystine arylamidaseTrypsinalpha- ChymotrypsinAcid phosphataseNaphthol-AS-BI-phosphohydrolasealpha- Galactosidasebeta- Galactosidasebeta- Glucuronidasealpha- Glucosidasebeta- GlucosidaseN-acetyl-beta- glucosaminidasealpha- Mannosidasealpha- Fucosidase



Isolation, sampling and environmental information


@refsample typehost speciescountryorigin.countrycontinentsampling date
1411Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaBrassica oleracea var. gemmiferaUnited KingdomGBREurope
57820Brassica oleracea (Gemmifera Group),stemUnited KingdomGBREurope1957
67770Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaBrassica oleracea var. gemmiferaUnited KingdomGBREurope

isolation source categories

  • Cat1: #Host
  • Cat2: #Plants
  • Cat3: #Herbaceous plants (Grass,Crops)


  • @ref: 69479
  • File name: preview.99_92.png
  • url: https://microbeatlas.org/index.html?action=taxon&taxon_id=90_17;96_73;97_76;98_83;99_92&stattab=map
  • Last taxonomy: Xanthomonas
  • 16S sequence: X95917
  • Sequence Identity:
  • Total samples: 52152
  • soil counts: 10026
  • aquatic counts: 6826
  • animal counts: 28252
  • plant counts: 7048

Safety information

risk assessment

  • @ref: 1411
  • pathogenicity plant: yes
  • biosafety level: 1
  • biosafety level comment: Risk group (German classification)

Sequence information

16S sequences

@refdescriptionaccessionlengthdatabaseNCBI tax ID
20218Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris clone K0032 16S-23S ribosomal RNA intergenic spacer and 23S ribosomal RNA gene, partial sequenceHM181724557ena340
67770X.campestris 16S rRNA geneX959171502ena339

Genome sequences

@refdescriptionaccessionassembly leveldatabaseNCBI tax ID
66792Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris str. ATCC 33913 ATCC 33913GCA_000007145completencbi190485
66792Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris NCPPB 528GCA_020813135contigncbi340
66792Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris str. ATCC 33913190485.4completepatric190485
66792Xanthomonas campestris pv. Campestris ATCC 33913637000344completeimg190485
67770Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris str. ATCC 33913, complete genomeAE008922ena190485

External links

@ref: 1411

culture collection no.: DSM 3586, ATCC 33913, NCPPB 528, PDDCC 13, CCUG 47691, LMG 568, CECT 97, ICMP 13, CFBP 5251, JCM 13371, BCRC 12846, CFBP 2350, CFBP 5241, CIP 100069

straininfo link



Phylogeny14651861Comparison of two Xanthomonas campestris pathovar campestris genomes revealed differences in their gene composition.Vorholter FJ, Thias T, Meyer F, Bekel T, Kaiser O, Puhler A, Niehaus KJ Biotechnol10.1016/j.jbiotec.2003.08.0112003Chromosome Mapping/*methods, Gene Expression Profiling/*methods, Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial/*genetics, Genome, Bacterial, Sequence Alignment/*methods, Sequence Analysis, DNA/*methods, Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid, Species Specificity, Xanthomonas campestris/classification/*geneticsGenetics
Genetics14693541Constitutive expression of a chromosomal class A (BJM group 2) beta-lactamase in Xanthomonas campestris.Weng SF, Lin JW, Chen CH, Chen YY, Tseng YH, Tseng YHAntimicrob Agents Chemother10.1128/AAC.48.1.209-215.20042004Ampicillin Resistance/genetics, Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology, Bacterial Proteins/genetics, Chromosomes, Bacterial/*genetics, DNA Primers, DNA, Bacterial/genetics, Luciferases/genetics, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutation/genetics, Plasmids/genetics, Promoter Regions, Genetic/genetics, Xanthomonas/*enzymology/*geneticsEnzymology
Enzymology15565334Characterisation of a secondary alcohol dehydrogenase from Xanthomonas campestris DSM 3586.Salusjarvi T, Hvorslev N, Miasnikov ANAppl Microbiol Biotechnol10.1007/s00253-004-1775-32004Alcohol Oxidoreductases/*genetics/isolation & purification/*metabolism, Alcohols/metabolism, Amino Sugars/metabolism, Bacterial Proteins/genetics/metabolism, Cloning, Molecular, Escherichia coli/genetics, Gluconates/metabolism, Gluconobacter, Oxidation-Reduction, Recombinant Proteins/genetics/metabolism, Substrate Specificity, Xanthomonas campestris/*enzymologyMetabolism
Phylogeny15774663Pseudoxanthomonas koreensis sp. nov. and Pseudoxanthomonas daejeonensis sp. nov.Yang DC, Im WT, Kim MK, Lee STInt J Syst Evol Microbiol10.1099/ijs.0.63210-02005Bacterial Typing Techniques, DNA, Bacterial/analysis, DNA, Ribosomal/analysis, Fatty Acids/analysis, Genes, rRNA, Korea, Molecular Sequence Data, Panax/growth & development, Phenotype, RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics, Sequence Analysis, DNA, *Soil Microbiology, Species Specificity, Xanthomonadaceae/chemistry/*classification/genetics/isolation & purificationGenetics
Genetics15899963Comparative and functional genomic analyses of the pathogenicity of phytopathogen Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris.Qian W, Jia Y, Ren SX, He YQ, Feng JX, Lu LF, Sun Q, Ying G, Tang DJ, Tang H, Wu W, Hao P, Wang L, Jiang BL, Zeng S, Gu WY, Lu G, Rong L, Tian Y, Yao Z, Fu G, Chen B, Fang R, Qiang B, Chen Z, Zhao GP, Tang JL, He CGenome Res10.1101/gr.33787052005Bacterial Proteins/*genetics, Brassica/genetics/microbiology, DNA Transposable Elements, *Genome, Bacterial, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutagenesis, Insertional, Operator Regions, Genetic, Plant Diseases/genetics, Sequence Analysis, DNA, Virulence Factors/*genetics, Xanthomonas campestris/*genetics/*pathogenicityTranscriptome
Genetics16581205Identification of genomic islands in six plant pathogens.Chen LLGene10.1016/j.gene.2006.01.0292006Agrobacterium tumefaciens/genetics/pathogenicity, Base Composition/genetics, DNA, Bacterial/chemistry, Gene Transfer, Horizontal, *Genome, Bacterial, Genomic Islands/*genetics, Gram-Negative Bacteria/classification/*genetics/*pathogenicity, Plants/*microbiology, Pseudomonas syringae/genetics/pathogenicity, Ralstonia solanacearum/genetics/pathogenicity, Sequence Analysis, DNA, Xanthomonas/genetics/pathogenicity, Xanthomonas campestris/genetics/pathogenicity, Xylella/genetics/pathogenicityTranscriptome
Metabolism17144652Evolution of enzymatic activities in the enolase superfamily: L-fuconate dehydratase from Xanthomonas campestris.Yew WS, Fedorov AA, Fedorov EV, Rakus JF, Pierce RW, Almo SC, Gerlt JABiochemistry10.1021/bi061687o2006Amino Acid Substitution, Bacterial Proteins/chemistry/genetics/metabolism, Cloning, Molecular, DNA Primers, Genome, Bacterial, Hydro-Lyases/chemistry/*genetics/metabolism, Kinetics, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Models, Molecular, Phosphopyruvate Hydratase/chemistry/*genetics/metabolism, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Protein Conformation, Recombinant Proteins/metabolism, Substrate Specificity, Sugar Acids/chemistry/metabolism, Xanthomonas campestris/*enzymology/*geneticsEnzymology
Phylogeny17304624Benzoic acid-degrading bacteria from the intestinal tract of Macrotermes michaelseni Sjostedt.Kamanda Ngugi D, Khamis Tsanuo M, Iddi Boga HJ Basic Microbiol10.1002/jobm.2006101422007Animals, Bacteria/*isolation & purification/*metabolism, Benzoic Acid/*metabolism, Gastrointestinal Tract/microbiology, Isoptera/*microbiology, PhylogenyMetabolism
Metabolism17566974Qualitative and comparative proteomic analysis of Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris 17.Chung WJ, Shu HY, Lu CY, Wu CY, Tseng YH, Tsai SF, Lin CHProteomics10.1002/pmic.2006006472007Amino Acid Sequence, Bacterial Proteins/*metabolism, Molecular Sequence Data, Proteome/*metabolism, Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization, Xanthomonas campestris/*metabolismGenetics
Phylogeny17684274Aspromonas composti gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel member of the family Xanthomonadaceae.Jin L, Kim KK, Im WT, Yang HC, Lee STInt J Syst Evol Microbiol10.1099/ijs.0.64472-02007DNA, Bacterial/genetics, DNA, Ribosomal/genetics, Fatty Acids/analysis, Geologic Sediments/*microbiology, Molecular Sequence Data, Phylogeny, RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics, Rivers/*microbiology, *Soil Microbiology, Ubiquinone/analysis, Xanthomonadaceae/chemistry/*classification/genetics/isolation & purificationGenetics
Metabolism18326683The Type III secretion system of Xanthomonas fuscans subsp. fuscans is involved in the phyllosphere colonization process and in transmission to seeds of susceptible beans.Darsonval A, Darrasse A, Meyer D, Demarty M, Durand K, Bureau C, Manceau C, Jacques MAAppl Environ Microbiol10.1128/AEM.02906-072008Bacterial Proteins/genetics/metabolism, Capsicum/microbiology, Carrier Proteins/genetics/*metabolism, Colony Count, Microbial, DNA, Bacterial/chemistry/genetics, Escherichia coli/growth & development, Fabaceae/*microbiology, Gene Deletion, Gene Order, Molecular Sequence Data, Multigene Family, Mutagenesis, Insertional, Phaseolus/microbiology, Plant Diseases/*microbiology, Protein Transport, Seeds/*microbiology, Sequence Analysis, DNA, Xanthomonas/genetics/growth & development/*physiologyGenetics
Metabolism18616409Genome-scale mutagenesis and phenotypic characterization of two-component signal transduction systems in Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris ATCC 33913.Qian W, Han ZJ, Tao J, He CMol Plant Microbe Interact10.1094/MPMI-21-8-11282008Adaptation, Physiological, Brassica/microbiology, Endopeptidases/metabolism, *Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial, Gene Silencing, *Genes, Bacterial, *Genes, Regulator, Genetic Complementation Test, Heat-Shock Response, *Mutagenesis, Insertional, Osmolar Concentration, Phenotype, *Signal Transduction, Sodium Chloride/pharmacology, Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate/pharmacology, Xanthomonas campestris/drug effects/*genetics/metabolism/*pathogenicityPhenotype
Phylogeny20221726Stenotrophomonas panacihumi sp. nov., isolated from soil of a ginseng field.Yi H, Srinivasan S, Kim MKJ Microbiol10.1007/s12275-010-0006-02010Carotenoids/analysis, Fatty Acids/analysis, Genes, Bacterial, *Panax, Phylogeny, RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics, Republic of Korea, *Soil Microbiology, Stenotrophomonas/chemistry/classification/genetics/*isolation & purificationEnzymology
Phylogeny21622836Streptomyces gramineus sp. nov., an antibiotic-producing actinobacterium isolated from bamboo (Sasa borealis) rhizosphere soil.Lee HJ, Han SI, Whang KSInt J Syst Evol Microbiol10.1099/ijs.0.030163-02011Antibiosis, Bacterial Typing Techniques, DNA, Bacterial/genetics, Fatty Acids/chemistry, Molecular Sequence Data, Nucleic Acid Hybridization, *Phylogeny, Pigmentation, RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics, *Rhizosphere, Sasa/*microbiology, Sequence Analysis, DNA, *Soil Microbiology, Streptomyces/*classification/genetics/isolation & purification, Vitamin K 2/analogs & derivatives/chemistryGenetics
22087071Amino ester hydrolase from Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris, ATCC 33913 for enzymatic synthesis of ampicillin.Blum JK, Bommarius ASJ Mol Catal B Enzym10.1016/j.molcatb.2010.06.0142010
Enzymology24399319First thermostable endo-beta-1,4-glucanase from newly isolated Xanthomonas sp. EC102.Woo MH, Chang YH, Lee HS, Pak PJ, Kim JS, Chung NProtein J10.1007/s10930-013-9535-92014Cellulase/*chemistry/*genetics/metabolism, Cloning, Molecular, *Enzyme Stability, Escherichia coli/genetics, Kinetics, Sequence Homology, Amino Acid, Substrate Specificity, Temperature, Xanthomonas/*enzymologyMetabolism
Genetics24819774Novel Phl-producing genotypes of finger millet rhizosphere associated pseudomonads and assessment of their functional and genetic diversity.Sekar J, Prabavathy VRFEMS Microbiol Ecol10.1111/1574-6941.123542014Antibiosis, Ascomycota/genetics, Biological Control Agents, Eleusine/growth & development/*microbiology, Erwinia/physiology, Evolution, Molecular, Fusarium/physiology, Genes, Bacterial, Genotype, Molecular Sequence Data, Multilocus Sequence Typing, Phloroglucinol/*analogs & derivatives/metabolism, Phylogeny, Plant Diseases/microbiology, Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length, Pseudomonas/*genetics/isolation & purification/metabolism, Pyricularia grisea/physiology, RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics, Rhizosphere, Soil Microbiology, Xanthomonas campestris/physiologyPhylogeny
Genetics26695179Investigation of a Quadruplex-Forming Repeat Sequence Highly Enriched in Xanthomonas and Nostoc sp.Rehm C, Wurmthaler LA, Li Y, Frickey T, Hartig JSPLoS One10.1371/journal.pone.01442752015Gene Expression Profiling, Genome, Bacterial, *Microsatellite Repeats, Nostoc/*genetics, Open Reading Frames, Xanthomonas/*genetics
Metabolism26896860Enhancement of 5-keto-d-gluconate production by a recombinant Gluconobacter oxydans using a dissolved oxygen control strategy.Yuan J, Wu M, Lin J, Yang LJ Biosci Bioeng10.1016/j.jbiosc.2015.12.0062016*Bioreactors, Cell Proliferation, Fermentation, Gluconates/*chemical synthesis/metabolism, Gluconobacter oxydans/drug effects/*genetics/*metabolism, Glucose/metabolism, Kinetics, *Metabolic Engineering, Oxidation-Reduction, Oxygen/*metabolism/pharmacology, Tartrates/metabolism, Xanthomonas campestris/enzymology/geneticsEnzymology
26903975The Lysobacter capsici AZ78 Genome Has a Gene Pool Enabling it to Interact Successfully with Phytopathogenic Microorganisms and Environmental Factors.Puopolo G, Tomada S, Sonego P, Moretto M, Engelen K, Perazzolli M, Pertot IFront Microbiol10.3389/fmicb.2016.000962016
Genetics28570142An Efficient Approach to Explore and Discriminate Anomalous Regions in Bacterial Genomes Based on Maximum Entropy.Barros-Carvalho GA, Van Sluys MA, Lopes FMJ Comput Biol10.1089/cmb.2017.00422017DNA, Bacterial/*genetics, *Entropy, *Genome, Bacterial, Genomics/*methods, Xanthomonas/classification/*geneticsPhylogeny
30699590First Report of Xanthomonas campestris pv. raphani Causing Leaf Spot Disease of Brassica oleracea in Portugal.Cruz J, Tenreiro R, Cruz LPlant Dis10.1094/PDIS-07-14-0780-PDN2015
30722394First Report of Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris as the Causal Agent of Black Rot on Oilseed Rape (Brassica napus) in Serbia.Popovic T, Balaz J, Starovic M, Trkulja N, Ivanovic Z, Ignjatov M, Josic DPlant Dis10.1094/PDIS-05-12-0506-PDN2013
Stress33324354Biofilm Producing Rhizobacteria With Multiple Plant Growth-Promoting Traits Promote Growth of Tomato Under Water-Deficit Stress.Haque MM, Mosharaf MK, Khatun M, Haque MA, Biswas MS, Islam MS, Islam MM, Shozib HB, Miah MMU, Molla AH, Siddiquee MAFront Microbiol10.3389/fmicb.2020.5420532020
Genetics35036136Comparative genomics of the black rot pathogen Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris and non-pathogenic co-inhabitant Xanthomonas melonis from Trinidad reveal unique pathogenicity determinants and secretion system profiles.Ramnarine SDBJ, Jayaraman J, Ramsubhag APeerJ10.7717/peerj.126322022
35694909Black rot disease incited by Indian race 1 of Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris in Brassica juncea L. cv. Pusa Bold in India.Kesharwani AK, Singh D, Kulshreshtha A, Kashyap AS, Avasthi AS, Geat NPlant Dis10.1094/PDIS-04-22-0738-PDN2022


1411Curators of the DSMZLeibniz Institut DSMZ-Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen und Zellkulturen GmbH (DSM 3586)https://www.dsmz.de/collection/catalogue/details/culture/DSM-3586
20215Parte, A.C., Sardà Carbasse, J., Meier-Kolthoff, J.P., Reimer, L.C. and Göker, M.10.1099/ijsem.0.004332List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN) moves to the DSMZ
20218Verslyppe, B., De Smet, W., De Baets, B., De Vos, P., Dawyndt P.10.1016/j.syapm.2013.11.002StrainInfo introduces electronic passports for microorganisms.Syst Appl Microbiol. 37: 42-50 201424321274
22958G Trébaol, L Gardan, C Manceau, J L Tanguy, Y Tirilly, S Boury10.1099/00207713-50-4-1471Genomic and phenotypic characterization of Xanthomonas cynarae sp. nov., a new species that causes bacterial bract spot of artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.).IJSEM 50: 1471-1478 200010939652
38386Curators of the CIPhttps://brclims.pasteur.fr/brcWeb/souche/detail/1/11492
57820Curators of the CCUGCulture Collection University of Gothenburg (CCUG) (CCUG 47691)https://www.ccug.se/strain?id=47691
66792Julia Koblitz, Joaquim Sardà, Lorenz Christian Reimer, Boyke Bunk, Jörg Overmannhttps://diaspora-project.de/progress.html#genomesAutomatically annotated for the DiASPora project (Digital Approaches for the Synthesis of Poorly Accessible Biodiversity Information)
67770Curators of the JCMhttps://jcm.brc.riken.jp/en/
68369Automatically annotated from API 20NE
68382Automatically annotated from API zym
69479João F Matias Rodrigues, Janko Tackmann,Gregor Rot, Thomas SB Schmidt, Lukas Malfertheiner, Mihai Danaila,Marija Dmitrijeva, Daniela Gaio, Nicolas Näpflin and Christian von Mering. University of Zurich.https://microbeatlas.org/MicrobeAtlas 1.0 beta
69480Julia Koblitz, Joaquim Sardà, Lorenz Christian Reimer, Boyke Bunk, Jörg Overmannhttps://diaspora-project.de/progress.html#genomesPredictions based on genome sequence made in the Diaspora project (Digital Approaches for the Synthesis of Poorly Accessible Biodiversity Information)