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Strain identifier

BacDive ID: 8620

Type strain: Yes

Species: Malacoplasma penetrans

Strain Designation: GTU-54-6A1

Strain history: <- J. K. Davis, Dept. Agronomy, Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, USA <- J. G. Tully <- S.-C. Lo, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology; GTU-54-6A1

NCBI tax ID(s): 28227 (species)

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@ref: 16441

BacDive-ID: 8620

DSM-Number: 22633

keywords: 16S sequence, Bacteria, mesophilic

description: Malacoplasma penetrans GTU-54-6A1 is a mesophilic bacterium that was isolated from urogenital tract of a male patient with AIDS.

NCBI tax id

  • NCBI tax id: 28227
  • Matching level: species

strain history: <- J. K. Davis, Dept. Agronomy, Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, USA <- J. G. Tully <- S.-C. Lo, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology; GTU-54-6A1

doi: 10.13145/bacdive8620.20221219.7.1

Name and taxonomic classification


  • @ref: 20215
  • description: domain/bacteria
  • keyword: phylum/mycoplasmatota
  • domain: Bacteria
  • phylum: Mycoplasmatota
  • class: Mollicutes
  • order: Mycoplasmoidales
  • family: Mycoplasmoidaceae
  • genus: Malacoplasma
  • species: Malacoplasma penetrans
  • full scientific name: Malacoplasma penetrans (Lo et al. 1992) Gupta et al. 2018
  • synonyms

    • @ref: 20215
    • synonym: Mycoplasma penetrans

@ref: 16441

domain: Bacteria

phylum: Tenericutes

class: Mollicutes

order: Mycoplasmatales

family: Mycoplasmoidaceae

genus: Malacoplasma

species: Malacoplasma penetrans

full scientific name: Malacoplasma penetrans (Lo et al. 1992) Gupta et al. 2018

strain designation: GTU-54-6A1

type strain: yes


cell morphology

  • @ref: 69480
  • gram stain: positive
  • confidence: 48.586

colony morphology

  • @ref: 16441
  • incubation period: 1-2 days

Culture and growth conditions

culture medium

  • @ref: 16441
  • name: SP4-Z MEDIUM (DSMZ Medium 1076b)
  • growth: yes
  • link: https://mediadive.dsmz.de/medium/1076b
  • composition: Name: SP4-Z MEDIUM (DSMZ Medium 1076b) Composition: Agar 10.0 g/l Tryptone 10.0 g/l Bacto peptone 5.0 g/l PPLO broth 3.5 g/l Urea 2.0 g/l Glucose 1.0 g/l None 1.0 g/l Yeast extract 0.4 g/l DNA 0.2 g/l CMRL 1066 Fetal bovine serum Swine serum Distilled water

culture temp

  • @ref: 16441
  • growth: positive
  • type: growth
  • temperature: 37
  • range: mesophilic

Physiology and metabolism

spore formation

  • @ref: 69480
  • spore formation: no
  • confidence: 99.38


  • @ref: 69480
  • halophily level: non-halophilic
  • confidence: 93.953

Isolation, sampling and environmental information


  • @ref: 16441
  • sample type: urogenital tract of a male patient with AIDS
  • country: USA
  • origin.country: USA
  • continent: North America

isolation source categories

#Host Body-Site#Urogenital tract


  • @ref: 69479
  • File name: preview.99_2508.png
  • url: https://microbeatlas.org/index.html?action=taxon&taxon_id=90_329;96_1352;97_1605;98_1951;99_2508&stattab=map
  • Last taxonomy: Mycoplasma penetrans subclade
  • 16S sequence: L10839
  • Sequence Identity:
  • Total samples: 988
  • soil counts: 4
  • aquatic counts: 31
  • animal counts: 951
  • plant counts: 2

Safety information

risk assessment

  • @ref: 16441
  • biosafety level: 2
  • biosafety level comment: Risk group (German classification)

Sequence information

16S sequences

@refdescriptionaccessionlengthdatabaseNCBI tax ID
20218Mycoplasma penetrans gene for 16S rRNA, partial sequenceAB069817252ena28227
16441Mycoplasma penetrans strain GTU-54-6A1 16S ribosomal RNA gene, partial sequenceL108391452ena28227

GC content

  • @ref: 16441
  • GC-content: 30.5

External links

@ref: 16441

culture collection no.: DSM 22633, ATCC 55252, GTU 54

straininfo link

  • @ref: 20218
  • passport: http://www.straininfo.net/strains/117034


Phylogeny1503969Mycoplasma penetrans sp. nov., from the urogenital tract of patients with AIDS.Lo SC, Hayes MM, Tully JG, Wang RY, Kotani H, Pierce PF, Rose DL, Shih JWInt J Syst Bacteriol10.1099/00207713-42-3-3571992Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/complications/*microbiology, Animals, Bacterial Adhesion, Bacteriuria/complications/*microbiology, Base Composition, Cell Line, Cholesterol/pharmacology, DNA, Bacterial/chemistry, Humans, Immunoblotting, Male, Microscopy, Electron, Mycoplasma/*classification/isolation & purification/physiology/ultrastructure, Tumor Cells, CulturedPathogenicity
Enzymology9611799Identification of two glycosylated components of Mycoplasma penetrans: a surface-exposed capsular polysaccharide and a glycolipid fraction.Neyrolles O, Brenner C, Prevost MC, Fontaine T, Montagnier L, Blanchard AMicrobiology (Reading)10.1099/00221287-144-5-12471998Bacterial Capsules/*analysis/chemistry/ultrastructure, Coloring Agents, Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel, Endopeptidase K/metabolism, Ferritins, Glycoconjugates/analysis, Glycolipids/*analysis, Humans, Microscopy, Electron, Mycoplasma penetrans/*chemistry/enzymology/growth & development/*ultrastructure, Periodic Acid-Schiff Reaction, Ruthenium RedPathogenicity
22447904Conserved terminal organelle morphology and function in Mycoplasma penetrans and Mycoplasma iowae.Jurkovic DA, Newman JT, Balish MFJ Bacteriol10.1128/JB.00060-122012Microscopy, Electron, Scanning, Mycoplasma iowae/cytology/growth & development/*physiology/ultrastructure, Mycoplasma penetrans/cytology/growth & development/*physiology/ultrastructure, Organelles/*physiology/ultrastructure, Time-Lapse Imaging


16441Curators of the DSMZLeibniz Institut DSMZ-Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen und Zellkulturen GmbH (DSM 22633)https://www.dsmz.de/collection/catalogue/details/culture/DSM-22633
20215Parte, A.C., Sardà Carbasse, J., Meier-Kolthoff, J.P., Reimer, L.C. and Göker, M.10.1099/ijsem.0.004332List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN) moves to the DSMZ
20218Verslyppe, B., De Smet, W., De Baets, B., De Vos, P., Dawyndt P.10.1016/j.syapm.2013.11.002StrainInfo introduces electronic passports for microorganisms.Syst Appl Microbiol. 37: 42-50 201424321274
69479João F Matias Rodrigues, Janko Tackmann,Gregor Rot, Thomas SB Schmidt, Lukas Malfertheiner, Mihai Danaila,Marija Dmitrijeva, Daniela Gaio, Nicolas Näpflin and Christian von Mering. University of Zurich.https://microbeatlas.org/MicrobeAtlas 1.0 beta
69480Julia Koblitz, Joaquim Sardà, Lorenz Christian Reimer, Boyke Bunk, Jörg Overmannhttps://diaspora-project.de/progress.html#genomesPredictions based on genome sequence made in the Diaspora project (Digital Approaches for the Synthesis of Poorly Accessible Biodiversity Information)