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Strain identifier

BacDive ID: 8186

Type strain: Yes

Species: Psychrobacter submarinus

Strain history: <- P. Schumann <- L. A. Romanenko, KMM

NCBI tax ID(s): 154108 (species)

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@ref: 5237

BacDive-ID: 8186

DSM-Number: 14161

keywords: genome sequence, 16S sequence, Bacteria, mesophilic

description: Psychrobacter submarinus DSM 14161 is a mesophilic bacterium that was isolated from seawater at a depth of 300 m.

NCBI tax id

  • NCBI tax id: 154108
  • Matching level: species

strain history: <- P. Schumann <- L. A. Romanenko, KMM

doi: 10.13145/bacdive8186.20221219.7.1

Name and taxonomic classification


  • @ref: 20215
  • description: domain/bacteria
  • keyword: phylum/pseudomonadota
  • domain: Bacteria
  • phylum: Pseudomonadota
  • class: Gammaproteobacteria
  • order: Pseudomonadales
  • family: Moraxellaceae
  • genus: Psychrobacter
  • species: Psychrobacter submarinus
  • full scientific name: Psychrobacter submarinus Romanenko et al. 2002

@ref: 5237

domain: Bacteria

phylum: Proteobacteria

class: Gammaproteobacteria

order: Pseudomonadales

family: Moraxellaceae

genus: Psychrobacter

species: Psychrobacter submarinus

full scientific name: Psychrobacter submarinus Romanenko et al. 2002

type strain: yes


cell morphology

  • @ref: 69480
  • gram stain: negative
  • confidence: 99.768

Culture and growth conditions

culture medium

5237BACTO MARINE BROTH (DIFCO 2216) (DSMZ Medium 514)yeshttps://mediadive.dsmz.de/medium/514Name: BACTO MARINE BROTH (DIFCO 2216) (DSMZ Medium 514; with strain-specific modifications) Composition: NaCl 30.0 g/l MgCl2 5.9 g/l Bacto peptone 5.0 g/l Na2SO4 3.24 g/l CaCl2 1.8 g/l Yeast extract 1.0 g/l KCl 0.55 g/l NaHCO3 0.16 g/l Fe(III) citrate 0.1 g/l KBr 0.08 g/l SrCl2 0.034 g/l H3BO3 0.022 g/l Na2HPO4 0.008 g/l Na-silicate 0.004 g/l NaF 0.0024 g/l (NH4)NO3 0.0016 g/l Distilled water
33154Marine agar (MA)yesDistilled water make up to (1000.000 ml);Marine agar (55.100 g)

culture temp


Physiology and metabolism

spore formation

  • @ref: 69480
  • spore formation: no
  • confidence: 98.749


  • @ref: 69480
  • halophily level: non-halophilic
  • confidence: 92.395

Isolation, sampling and environmental information


  • @ref: 5237
  • sample type: seawater at a depth of 300 m
  • geographic location: Pacific Ocean 12°41'N, 132°38'W
  • latitude: 12.6833
  • longitude: -132.633

isolation source categories

  • Cat1: #Environmental
  • Cat2: #Aquatic
  • Cat3: #Marine


  • @ref: 69479
  • File name: preview.99_1920.png
  • url: https://microbeatlas.org/index.html?action=taxon&taxon_id=90_80;96_193;97_209;98_1507;99_1920&stattab=map
  • Last taxonomy: Psychrobacter
  • 16S sequence: AJ309940
  • Sequence Identity:
  • Total samples: 1598
  • soil counts: 91
  • aquatic counts: 1139
  • animal counts: 350
  • plant counts: 18

Safety information

risk assessment

  • @ref: 5237
  • biosafety level: 1
  • biosafety level comment: Risk group (German classification)

Sequence information

16S sequences

  • @ref: 5237
  • description: Psychrobacter submarinus 16S rRNA gene, strain KMM 225
  • accession: AJ309940
  • length: 1428
  • database: ena
  • NCBI tax ID: 154108

Genome sequences

@refdescriptionaccessionassembly leveldatabaseNCBI tax ID
66792Psychrobacter submarinus Psychrobacter submarinus KMM225GCA_904846685contigncbi154108
66792Psychrobacter submarinus strain Psychrobacter submarinus KMM225154108.8wgspatric154108
66792Escherichia coli SE58GCA_009709945contigpatric562

GC content

  • @ref: 5237
  • GC-content: 46.7

External links

@ref: 5237

culture collection no.: DSM 14161, KMM 225

straininfo link



Phylogeny12148642Psychrobacter submarinus sp. nov. and Psychrobacter marincola sp. nov., psychrophilic halophiles from marine environments.Romanenko LA, Schumann P, Rohde M, Lysenko AM, Mikhailov VV, Stackebrandt EInt J Syst Evol Microbiol10.1099/00207713-52-4-12912002Animals, Bacterial Typing Techniques, *Cold Temperature, DNA, Ribosomal/analysis, Gammaproteobacteria/chemistry/*classification/genetics/physiology, Genotype, Molecular Sequence Data, Phenotype, Phylogeny, RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics, Seawater/*microbiology, Sequence Analysis, DNA, Sodium Chloride/*metabolism, Urochordata/*microbiologyGenetics
Pathogenicity33838818Structure and in vitro antiproliferative activity of the acidic capsular polysaccharide from the deep-sea bacterium Psychrobacter submarinus KMM 225(T).Kokoulin MS, Kuzmich AS, Romanenko LA, Chikalovets IVCarbohydr Polym10.1016/j.carbpol.2021.1179412021Aquatic Organisms/chemistry, Carbohydrate Sequence, Cell Proliferation/*drug effects, Cell Survival/drug effects, Humans, K562 Cells, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods, Polysaccharides, Bacterial/*chemistry/isolation & purification/*pharmacology, Psychrobacter/*chemistry, Seawater/microbiologyEnzymology


5237Curators of the DSMZLeibniz Institut DSMZ-Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen und Zellkulturen GmbH (DSM 14161)https://www.dsmz.de/collection/catalogue/details/culture/DSM-14161
20215Parte, A.C., Sardà Carbasse, J., Meier-Kolthoff, J.P., Reimer, L.C. and Göker, M.10.1099/ijsem.0.004332List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN) moves to the DSMZ
20218Verslyppe, B., De Smet, W., De Baets, B., De Vos, P., Dawyndt P.10.1016/j.syapm.2013.11.002StrainInfo introduces electronic passports for microorganisms.Syst Appl Microbiol. 37: 42-50 201424321274
33154Curators of the CIPhttps://brclims.pasteur.fr/brcWeb/souche/detail/1/5099
66792Julia Koblitz, Joaquim Sardà, Lorenz Christian Reimer, Boyke Bunk, Jörg Overmannhttps://diaspora-project.de/progress.html#genomesAutomatically annotated for the DiASPora project (Digital Approaches for the Synthesis of Poorly Accessible Biodiversity Information)
69479João F Matias Rodrigues, Janko Tackmann,Gregor Rot, Thomas SB Schmidt, Lukas Malfertheiner, Mihai Danaila,Marija Dmitrijeva, Daniela Gaio, Nicolas Näpflin and Christian von Mering. University of Zurich.https://microbeatlas.org/MicrobeAtlas 1.0 beta
69480Julia Koblitz, Joaquim Sardà, Lorenz Christian Reimer, Boyke Bunk, Jörg Overmannhttps://diaspora-project.de/progress.html#genomesPredictions based on genome sequence made in the Diaspora project (Digital Approaches for the Synthesis of Poorly Accessible Biodiversity Information)