Strain identifier

BacDive ID: 16344

Type strain: Yes

Species: Kitasatospora phosalacinea

Strain Designation: KA-338

Strain history: S. ?mura KA-338.

NCBI tax ID(s): 2065 (species)

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@ref: 11342

BacDive-ID: 16344

DSM-Number: 43860

keywords: spore-forming, Bacteria, 16S sequence, genome sequence, mesophilic

description: Kitasatospora phosalacinea KA-338 is a spore-forming, mesophilic bacterium that builds an aerial mycelium and was isolated from soil.

NCBI tax id

  • NCBI tax id: 2065
  • Matching level: species

strain history

doi: 10.13145/bacdive16344.20220920.7

Name and taxonomic classification


  • @ref: 20215
  • description: domain/bacteria
  • keyword: phylum/actinomycetota
  • domain: Bacteria
  • phylum: Actinomycetota
  • class: Actinomycetes
  • order: Streptomycetales
  • family: Streptomycetaceae
  • genus: Kitasatospora
  • species: Kitasatospora phosalacinea
  • full scientific name: Kitasatospora phosalacinea corrig. Takahashi et al. 1985
  • synonyms

    20215Kitasatosporia phosalacinea
    20215Streptomyces phosalacineus

@ref: 11342

domain: Bacteria

phylum: Actinobacteria

class: Actinobacteria

order: Actinomycetales

family: Streptomycetaceae

genus: Kitasatospora

species: Kitasatospora phosalacinea

full scientific name: Kitasatospora phosalacinea Takahashi et al. 1985 emend. Nouioui et al. 2018

strain designation: KA-338

type strain: yes


colony morphology

@refcolony colorincubation periodmedium used
19838colourless10-14 daysISP 2
19838beige10-14 daysISP 3
19838beige10-14 daysISP 4
19838beige10-14 daysISP 5
19838beige10-14 daysISP 6
19838colourless10-14 daysISP 7

multicellular morphology

@refforms multicellular complexcomplex namecomplex colormedium name
19838yesAerial Myceliumsilver grayISP 2
19838yesAerial Myceliumsilver grayISP 3
19838yesAerial MyceliumwhiteISP 4
19838yesAerial MyceliumwhiteISP 5
19838yesAerial MyceliumwhiteISP 6
19838noAerial MyceliumISP 7


@refmultimedia contentintellectual property rightscaption
11342© Leibniz-Institut DSMZ
11342© Leibniz-Institut DSMZMedium 65 28°C

Culture and growth conditions

culture medium

11342GYM STREPTOMYCES MEDIUM (DSMZ Medium 65)yes GYM STREPTOMYCES MEDIUM (DSMZ Medium 65) Composition: Agar 12.0 g/l Malt extract 10.0 g/l Yeast extract 4.0 g/l Glucose 4.0 g/l CaCO3 2.0 g/l Distilled water
19838ISP 2yesName: ISP 2 / Yeast Malt Agar (5265); 5265 Composition Malt extract 10.0 g/l Yeast extract 4.0 g/l Glucose 4.0 g/l Agar 15.0 g/l Preparation: Sterilisation: 20 minutes at 121°C pH before sterilisation: 7.0 Usage: Maintenance and Taxonomy Organisms: All Actinomycetes
19838ISP 3yesName: ISP 3; 5315 Composition Dog oat flakes 20.0 g/l Trace element solution (5314) 2.5 ml/l Agar 18.0 g/l Preparation: Oat flakes are cooked for 20 minutes, trace element solution and agar are added (in the case of non rolled oat flakes the suspension has to bee filtrated). Sterilisation: 20 minutes at 121°C pH before sterilisation: 7.8 Usage: Maintenance and taxonomy (e.g. SEM As liquid medium for metabolite production) Organisms: All Actinomycetes Trace element solution 5314 Name: Trace element solution 5314; 5314 Composition CaCl2 x H2O 3.0 g/l Fe-III-citrate 1.0 g/l MnSO4 0.2 g/l ZnCl2 0.1 g/l CuSO4 x 5 H2O 0.025 g/l Sodium tetra borate 0.2 g/l CoCl2 x 6 H2O 0.004 g/l Sodium molybdate 0.01 g/l Preparation: Use double destillated water. Sterilisation: 20 minutes at 121°C pH before sterilisation: Usage: Trace element solution for different media Organisms:
19838ISP 4yesName: ISP 4; DSM 547 Solution I: Difco soluble starch, 10.0 g. Make a paste of the starch with a small amount of cold distilled water and bring to a volume of 500 ml. Solution II: CaCO3 2.0 g K2HPO4 (anhydrous) 1.0 g MgSO4 x 7 H2O 1.0 g NaCl 1.0 g (NH4)2SO4 2.0 g Distilled water 500.0 ml Trace salt solution (see below) 1.0 ml The pH should be between 7.0 and 7.4. Do not adjust if it is within this range. Mix solutions I and II together. Add 20.0 g agar. Liquify agar by steaming at 100°C for 10 to 20 min. Trace element solution: FeSO4 x 7 H2O 0.1 g MnCl2 x 4 H2O 0.1 g ZnSO4 x 7 H2O 0.1 g Distilled water 100.0 ml
19838ISP 5yesName: ISP 5 (5323) Composition L-Asparagine 1.0 g/l Glycerol 10.0 g/l K2HPO4 1.0 g/l Salt solution (see preparation) 1.0 ml/l Agar 20.0 g/l Preparation: Salt solution 1.0 g FeSO4 x 7 H2O 1.0 g MnCl2 x 4 H2O 1.0 g ZNSO4 x 7 H2O in 100 ml water Sterilisation: 20 minutes at 121°C pH before sterilisation: 7.2 Usage: Maintenance and taxonomy Organisms: All Actinomycetes
19838ISP 6yesName: ISP 6 (5318) Composition Peptone 15.0 g/l Proteose peptose 5.0 g/l Ferric ammonium citrate 0.5 g/l Sodium glycerophosphate 1.0 g/l Sodium thiosulfate 0.08 g/l Yeast extract 1.0 g/l Agar 15.0 g/l Sterilisation: 20 minutes at 121°C pH before sterilisation: Usage: Production of melanoid pigments Organisms: All Actinomycetes
19838ISP 7yesName: ISP 7 (5322) Composition Glycerol 15.0 g/l L-Tyrosine 0.5 g/l L-Asparagine 1.0 g/l K2HPO4 0.5 g/l NaCl 0.5 g/l FeSO4 x 7 H2O 0.01 g/l Trace element solution 5343 1.0 ml/l Agar 20.0 Sterilisation: 20 minutes at 121°C pH before sterilisation: 7.3 Usage: Production of melanoid pigments Organisms: All Actinomycetes

culture temp


Physiology and metabolism

spore formation

  • @ref: 19838
  • spore description: Formation of spore chains (rectiflixibilis), spore surface smooth
  • type of spore: spore
  • spore formation: yes

compound production



  • @ref: 67770
  • observation: quinones: MK-9(H6), MK-9(H8)

metabolite utilization

@refChebi-IDmetaboliteutilization activitykind of utilization tested
6836827897tryptophan-energy source

metabolite production

6836816136hydrogen sulfideno

metabolite tests

@refChebi-IDmetabolitevoges-proskauer-testindole test


68368tryptophan deaminase+
68368ornithine decarboxylase+
68368lysine decarboxylase+
68368arginine dihydrolase+



Isolation, sampling and environmental information


@refsample type

isolation source categories

  • Cat1: #Environmental
  • Cat2: #Terrestrial
  • Cat3: #Soil

Safety information

risk assessment

  • @ref: 11342
  • biosafety level: 1
  • biosafety level comment: Risk group (German classification)

Sequence information

16S sequences

@refdescriptionaccessionlengthdatabaseNCBI tax ID
20218K.phosalacinea 16S ribosomal RNA genes, partial cdsM552231457ena2065
20218Kitasatospora phosalacinea gene for 16S ribosomal RNAAB0228691516ena2065
20218Kitasatosporia phosalacinea JCM 3340 16S ribosomal RNA gene, partial sequenceU933301475ena2065
20218Kitasatosporia phosalacinea JCM 3340 16S-23S ribosomal RNA internal spacer, partial sequenceU93331275ena2065
20218Streptomyces phosalacineus 16S rRNA gene, type strain LMG 20102AJ7813591469ena2065
20218Kitasatospora phosalacinea gene for 16S rRNA, partial sequence, strain: NBRC 14372AB1845961468ena2065

Genome sequences

  • @ref: 67770
  • description: Kitasatospora phosalacinea strain NRRL B-16230, whole genome shotgun sequencing project
  • accession: JNWZ00000000
  • database: ncbi
  • NCBI tax ID: 2065

GC content

6777073.3high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)
6777066.6high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)
6777074.1genome sequence analysis

External links

@ref: 11342

culture collection no.: DSM 43860, IFO 14372, JCM 3340, NBRC 14372, NRRL B-16230, BCRC 12447, CCM 4152, KACC 20226, KCTC 9735, KCTC 9792, VKM Ac-2006

straininfo link



  • topic: Phylogeny
  • Pubmed-ID: 6480502
  • title: Phosalacine, a new herbicidal antibiotic containing phosphinothricin. Fermentation, isolation, biological activity and mechanism of action.
  • authors: Omura S, Murata M, Hanaki H, Hinotozawa K, Oiwa R, Tanaka H
  • journal: J Antibiot (Tokyo)
  • DOI: 10.7164/antibiotics.37.829
  • year: 1984
  • mesh: Actinomyces/analysis, Amino Acids/pharmacology, *Aminobutyrates, Anti-Bacterial Agents/*isolation & purification, Cobalt/pharmacology, Dipeptides/*isolation & purification/metabolism/pharmacology, Fermentation, Herbicides/*isolation & purification, Microbial Sensitivity Tests, Plants/drug effects, Spectrophotometry, Infrared, Time Factors
  • topic2: Enzymology


11342Curators of the DSMZLeibniz Institut DSMZ-Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen und Zellkulturen GmbH (DSM 43860)
19838Wink, J. of Actinobacteria. HZI-Helmholtz-Centre for Infection Research, Braunschweig
20215Parte, A.C., Sardà Carbasse, J., Meier-Kolthoff, J.P., Reimer, L.C. and Göker, M.10.1099/ijsem.0.004332List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN) moves to the DSMZ
20216Curators of the HKI Description Leibniz-Institut für Naturstoff-Forschung und Infektionsbiologie e. V. Hans-Knöll-Institut (HKI)
20218Verslyppe, B., De Smet, W., De Baets, B., De Vos, P., Dawyndt P.10.1016/j.syapm.2013.11.002StrainInfo introduces electronic passports for microorganisms.Syst Appl Microbiol. 37: 42-50 201424321274
67770Curators of the JCM
68368Automatically annotated from API 20E