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Strain identifier

BacDive ID: 13734

Type strain: Yes

Species: Leisingera caerulea

Strain history: <- CCUG <- LMG

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@ref: 17696

BacDive-ID: 13734

DSM-Number: 24564

keywords: genome sequence, 16S sequence, Bacteria, aerobe, psychrophilic, Gram-negative, motile, rod-shaped

description: Leisingera caerulea DSM 24564 is an aerobe, psychrophilic, Gram-negative bacterium that was isolated from marine biofilm on stainless steel electrode.

NCBI tax id

NCBI tax idMatching level

strain history: <- CCUG <- LMG

doi: 10.13145/bacdive13734.20221219.7.1

Name and taxonomic classification


  • @ref: 20215
  • description: domain/bacteria
  • keyword: phylum/pseudomonadota
  • domain: Bacteria
  • phylum: Pseudomonadota
  • class: Alphaproteobacteria
  • order: Rhodobacterales
  • family: Rhodobacteraceae
  • genus: Leisingera
  • species: Leisingera caerulea
  • full scientific name: Leisingera caerulea (Vandecandelaere et al. 2009) Breider et al. 2014
  • synonyms

    • @ref: 20215
    • synonym: Phaeobacter caeruleus

@ref: 17696

domain: Bacteria

phylum: Proteobacteria

class: Alphaproteobacteria

order: Rhodobacterales

family: Rhodobacteraceae

genus: Leisingera

species: Leisingera caerulea

full scientific name: Leisingera caerulea (Vandecandelaere et al. 2009) Breider et al. 2014

type strain: yes


cell morphology

@refgram staincell lengthcell widthcell shapemotilityconfidence
28960negative1.8 µm0.9 µmrod-shapedyes

colony morphology

@refincubation period
176963-7 days
607632-3 days


  • @ref: 28960
  • production: yes


  • @ref: 66793
  • multimedia content: EM_DSM_24564_1.jpg
  • caption: electron microscopic image
  • intellectual property rights: © HZI/Manfred Rohde

Culture and growth conditions

culture medium

  • @ref: 17696
  • name: BACTO MARINE BROTH (DIFCO 2216) (DSMZ Medium 514)
  • growth: yes
  • link: https://mediadive.dsmz.de/medium/514
  • composition: Name: BACTO MARINE BROTH (DIFCO 2216) (DSMZ Medium 514) Composition: NaCl 19.45 g/l MgCl2 5.9 g/l Bacto peptone 5.0 g/l Na2SO4 3.24 g/l CaCl2 1.8 g/l Yeast extract 1.0 g/l KCl 0.55 g/l NaHCO3 0.16 g/l Fe(III) citrate 0.1 g/l KBr 0.08 g/l SrCl2 0.034 g/l H3BO3 0.022 g/l Na2HPO4 0.008 g/l Na-silicate 0.004 g/l NaF 0.0024 g/l (NH4)NO3 0.0016 g/l Distilled water

culture temp


culture pH

@refabilitytypepHPH range

Physiology and metabolism

oxygen tolerance

@refoxygen tolerance

spore formation

  • @ref: 69480
  • spore formation: no
  • confidence: 98.662


@refsaltgrowthtested relationconcentrationhalophily levelconfidence
28960NaClpositivegrowth02-05 %
28960NaClpositiveoptimum3.5 %


  • @ref: 28960
  • observation: aggregates in clumps

metabolite utilization

@refChebi-IDmetaboliteutilization activitykind of utilization tested
2896053426tween 80+carbon source


17696cytochrome-c oxidase+
28960acid phosphatase+
28960alkaline phosphatase+
28960cytochrome oxidase+

Isolation, sampling and environmental information


@refsample typegeographic locationcountryorigin.countrycontinentsampling date
17696marine biofilm on stainless steel electrodeGenoa, harbourItalyITAEurope
60763Marine biofilm on stainless steel electrodeGenoa,the harbourItalyITAEurope2004-10-01

isolation source categories

#Engineered#Industrial#Engineered product


  • @ref: 69479
  • File name: preview.99_7841.png
  • url: https://microbeatlas.org/index.html?action=taxon&taxon_id=90_19;96_355;97_800;98_5730;99_7841&stattab=map
  • Last taxonomy: Leisingera caerulea subclade
  • 16S sequence: AM943630
  • Sequence Identity:
  • Total samples: 72
  • soil counts: 6
  • aquatic counts: 57
  • animal counts: 8
  • plant counts: 1

Safety information

risk assessment

  • @ref: 17696
  • biosafety level: 1
  • biosafety level comment: Risk group (German classification)

Sequence information

16S sequences

@refdescriptionaccessionlengthdatabaseNCBI tax ID
17696Phaeobacter caeruleus partial 16S rRNA gene, type strain LMG 24369TAM9436301422ena999549
17696Phaeobacter caeruleus strain DSM 24564 16S ribosomal RNA gene, partial sequenceKC1762421402ena999549

Genome sequences

@refdescriptionaccessionassembly leveldatabaseNCBI tax ID
66792Leisingera caerulea DSM 24564 DSM 24564GCA_000473325scaffoldncbi999549
66792Phaeobacter caeruleus DSM 24564999549.4wgspatric999549
66792Leisingera caerulea DSM 245642512047087draftimg999549
66792Pseudomonas aeruginosa 226GCA_900145685contigpatric287

GC content

  • @ref: 17696
  • GC-content: 63.6

External links

@ref: 17696

culture collection no.: DSM 24564, CCUG 55859, LMG 24369

straininfo link



Phylogeny19406821Phaeobacter caeruleus sp. nov., a blue-coloured, colony-forming bacterium isolated from a marine electroactive biofilm.Vandecandelaere I, Segaert E, Mollica A, Faimali M, Vandamme PInt J Syst Evol Microbiol10.1099/ijs.0.002642-02009Bacterial Typing Techniques, Base Composition, Biofilms/*growth & development, DNA, Bacterial/analysis/isolation & purification, DNA, Ribosomal/analysis, Electrodes/*microbiology, Fatty Acids/analysis, Genotype, Molecular Sequence Data, Phenotype, Phylogeny, RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics, Rhodobacteraceae/*classification/genetics/*growth & development/isolation & purification, *Seawater, Sequence Analysis, DNA, Species SpecificityGenetics
Phylogeny24425741Cribrihabitans marinus gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from a biological filter in a marine recirculating aquaculture system.Chen Z, Liu Y, Liu LZ, Zhong ZP, Liu ZP, Liu YInt J Syst Evol Microbiol10.1099/ijs.0.059576-02014*Aquaculture, Bacterial Typing Techniques, Base Composition, China, DNA, Bacterial/genetics, Fatty Acids/chemistry, Molecular Sequence Data, Phospholipids/chemistry, *Phylogeny, RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics, Rhodobacteraceae/*classification/genetics/isolation & purification, Seawater/*microbiology, Sequence Analysis, DNA, Ubiquinone/chemistry, *Water MicrobiologyGenetics
Phylogeny24449788Phaeobacter aquaemixtae sp. nov., isolated from the junction between the ocean and a freshwater spring.Park S, Park DS, Bae KS, Yoon JHInt J Syst Evol Microbiol10.1099/ijs.0.057646-02014Bacterial Typing Techniques, Base Composition, DNA, Bacterial/genetics, Fatty Acids/chemistry, Fresh Water/*microbiology, Molecular Sequence Data, Nucleic Acid Hybridization, Phospholipids/chemistry, *Phylogeny, RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics, Republic of Korea, Rhodobacteraceae/*classification/genetics/isolation & purification, Seawater/*microbiology, Ubiquinone/chemistry, *Water MicrobiologyGenetics
Genetics24501626Genome sequence of Phaeobacter caeruleus type strain (DSM 24564(T)), a surface-associated member of the marine Roseobacter clade.Beyersmann PG, Chertkov O, Petersen J, Fiebig A, Chen A, Pati A, Ivanova N, Lapidus A, Goodwin LA, Chain P, Detter JC, Rohde M, Gronow S, Kyrpides NC, Woyke T, Simon M, Goker M, Klenk HP, Brinkhoff TStand Genomic Sci10.4056/sigs.39276232013


17696Curators of the DSMZLeibniz Institut DSMZ-Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen und Zellkulturen GmbH (DSM 24564)https://www.dsmz.de/collection/catalogue/details/culture/DSM-24564
20215Parte, A.C., Sardà Carbasse, J., Meier-Kolthoff, J.P., Reimer, L.C. and Göker, M.10.1099/ijsem.0.004332List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN) moves to the DSMZ
20218Verslyppe, B., De Smet, W., De Baets, B., De Vos, P., Dawyndt P.10.1016/j.syapm.2013.11.002StrainInfo introduces electronic passports for microorganisms.Syst Appl Microbiol. 37: 42-50 201424321274
28960Barberan A, Caceres Velazquez H, Jones S, Fierer N.10.1128/mSphere.00237-17Hiding in Plain Sight: Mining Bacterial Species Records for Phenotypic Trait Information2877604125397
60763Curators of the CCUGCulture Collection University of Gothenburg (CCUG) (CCUG 55859)https://www.ccug.se/strain?id=55859
66792Julia Koblitz, Joaquim Sardà, Lorenz Christian Reimer, Boyke Bunk, Jörg Overmannhttps://diaspora-project.de/progress.html#genomesAutomatically annotated for the DiASPora project (Digital Approaches for the Synthesis of Poorly Accessible Biodiversity Information)
66793Mukherjee et al.10.1038/nbt.3886GEBA: 1,003 reference genomes of bacterial and archaeal isolates expand coverage of the tree of life 35: 676-683 201728604660
69479João F Matias Rodrigues, Janko Tackmann,Gregor Rot, Thomas SB Schmidt, Lukas Malfertheiner, Mihai Danaila,Marija Dmitrijeva, Daniela Gaio, Nicolas Näpflin and Christian von Mering. University of Zurich.https://microbeatlas.org/MicrobeAtlas 1.0 beta
69480Julia Koblitz, Joaquim Sardà, Lorenz Christian Reimer, Boyke Bunk, Jörg Overmannhttps://diaspora-project.de/progress.html#genomesPredictions based on genome sequence made in the Diaspora project (Digital Approaches for the Synthesis of Poorly Accessible Biodiversity Information)